Percentage of students who completed a developmental writing sequence within four years
First-time students enrolled in transfer programs in the summer or fall 2004 terms who were referred to a developmental writing course
About two-fifths (43 percent) of incoming Virginia Community College System (VCCS) students who were referred to a developmental writing course one level below the college level completed the developmental writing sequence, while 24 percent of those referred to a course two levels below the college level completed the sequence.
Most beginning community college students must complete at least one developmental education course in mathematics or English (reading, writing, or both), and many must complete multiple courses in one or more subjects. Completing the highest-level developmental course in a subject is the final precollege milestone and is often required to transfer to a four-year institution or to earn a certificate or associate degree.
Developmental writing courses: include writing courses one level below the college level (ENG03) and two levels below the college level (ENG01).
First-time college students enrolled in VCCS in the summer or fall 2004 terms who had no prior college credits other than those earned through high school dual-enrollment programs. The sample includes students in transfer and career-tech programs as well as those concurrently enrolled in high school. These students were followed for four years through the 2008 summer term.
Roksa, J., Jenkins, D., Jaggars, S., Zeidenberg, M., & Sung-Woo, C. (2009, November). Strategies for promoting gatekeeper course success among students needing remediation: Research report for the Virginia Community College System (full-length technical report). New York: Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University.