Percentage of students who completed a gatekeeper reading course within four years of initial enrollment
First-time students who initially enrolled in a transfer program in the Virginia Community College System (VCCS) in summer or fall 2004 and were enrolled in a developmental reading course
Overall, two-fifths (45 percent) of students who enrolled in a developmental reading course completed a gatekeeper reading course within four years, while 14 percent did not pass the course and 41 percent did not enroll in it. Students referred to developmental reading one level below the college level completed a gatekeeper reading course at a higher rate than students who were referred to a course two levels below the college level (48 percent vs. 39 percent).
There is general consensus that timely completion of gatekeeper courses, the lowest-level college-level courses in the core subjects of mathematics, reading, and writing, positively affects student outcomes such as attainment of certificates and degrees and transfer to a four-year institution. Completion of gatekeeper courses fulfills requirements for graduation and transfer as well as prerequisites for more advanced courses in various fields.
Gatekeeper reading completion: defined as earning a grade C or better.
Gatekeeper reading course: includes ENG111.
Developmental reading courses: include reading one level below the college level (ENG05) and reading two levels below the college level (ENG04). First-time college students enrolled in a VCCS college in the summer or fall 2004 terms had no prior college credits other than those earned through high school dual- enrollment programs. Sample includes students in transfer and career tech programs as well as those concurrently enrolled in high school. These students were followed for four years, through the 2008 summer term. Placement recommendations were based on students' placement test scores, but 37 percent of the students in this group were missing a placement recommendation in reading and were excluded from this calculation.
Percentages do not sum to 100 percent due to rounding.
Jenkins, D., Jaggars, S., & Roksa, J. (2009, November). Promoting gatekeeper course success among community college students needing remediation: Findings and recommendations from a Virginia study (summary report). New York: Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University.
Roksa, J., Jenkins, D., Jaggers, S., Zeidenberg, M., & Sung-woo, C. (2009, November). Strategies for promoting gatekeeper course success among students needing remediation: Research report for the Virginia Community College System. New York: Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University.